Prevalence of self medication
J Adolesc Health ; 51 6 :S A recall period of two weeks prior to the interview was used. Both situations point out to a violation of the Brazilian sanitary laws. Self-medication prevalence of allopathic drugs in the urban sector In contrast to the finding of our study, Int J Healthcare Sci. This might be due to reduced awareness or lack of knowledge of participants about teratogenic potential of drugs, effect of drugs on nursing an infant and the effect of drugs on other drugs that are taken for treatment of other diseases. Self-medication was most practiced by women. The students were approached with the survey during their scheduled elective course classes, via taking 10 minutes out of the class time at the end of the class. However, there's a gain in the quality of data treatment, which makes it possible to better identify and classify all medicines assessed.
Conclusion Self-medication practice is high among medical and nonmedical university students for OTC or prescription-only medications.
Information on the use of medicine was obtained by the following questions: 'Are you taking or have you taken any medicine in the last seven days?
Gabinete do Ministro. Other factors that are often quoted include the complaint of extensive demands on their time, issues of privacy and confidentiality [ 6 ].
Questionnaire on knowledge of self medication
The assessment of how the medicines were obtained by the participants who self-medicated themselves showed that the highest the economic class and education level, there is a higher use of financial resources to obtain the medicine. Did these complications require professional medical intervention? Better education and higher income were observed in the pre-dominantly catholic, industry and service-oriented urban sector as opposed to the pre-dominantly Buddhist and agrarian rural district. The students in this region used analgesics and herbals, often followed by vitamins and antibiotics, while opioids, stimulants and tranquilizers were used rarely 12— Evaluation of self-medication practices in acute diseases among university students in Oman. Prescription drugs, alcohol, and illicit substance use and their correlations among medical sciences students in Iran. Unlike the findings from the study in Assendabo town, where the majority of participants who practiced SM reported worsening of their condition, in our study the majority Version 2. Results:The prevalence of toothache was Data collection was commenced after small amendment was made on the questionnaire in the field of professionals based on the results of pretest. Self-medication in a Portuguese urban population: A prevalence study. Phytotherapeutic and homeopathic medicines were not taken into consideration so that the ATC classification would be assured for all medicines. Those who reported not knowing or did not answer some of the variables were excluded from the analysis. We found variations in five Brazilian regions — the Northeast, Midwest and North, in which prevalences greater than the national prevalence were found. Prevalence, profile and factors associated with self-medication in adolescents and employees of a professionalizing public school.
A P value of 0. The study protocol and obtaining of informed verbal consent were approved by the institutional review board committee at King Abdullah University Hospital, JUST.
Prevention of self medication
In addition, interviewees who presented old and overdue prescriptions might have answered that they had used the medicine upon prescription, which may underestimate the prevalence of self-medication. Structure and principles [Internet]. To account for a possibility of non-response, estimated sample size was increased to A survey conducted over Jordanian households reported that The prevalence of allopathic self-medication in urban and rural sectors was In this context, there are several singularities within the population and in its political and administrative organization. Clusters were selected in a multi-stage, probability proportionate to size PPS sampling procedure. Shah et al. Both situations point out to a violation of the Brazilian sanitary laws. Similar ways of requesting drugs were obtained in a study conducted at Mekelle town where the majority Another aspect that favors and influences the consumption of these products is the advertising conveyed in the general media by pharmaceutical industry Unlike the findings from the study in Assendabo town, where the majority of participants who practiced SM reported worsening of their condition, in our study the majority Rueda-Sanchez M.
A study performed in Colombia 19 showed that the prevalence of headaches due to overuse of analgesics was 4. Every student was given the complete unconditional choice to participate without any reward or penalty, and was assured that confidentiality of data throughout the study would be secured and that the data would not be used for purposes other than research.
In case of refusal or closed household, the same procedure was conducted to the next house on the left until 10 interviews were carried out at the sector.
A cross-sectional study was conducted on the health professionals, working in the public health facilities. Others reported oedema, pallor, dry mouth, numbness, flushing and syncope. Table 3 Patterns of self-medication among students Notes: aFemales only. There is also the possibility of interviewee misinformation as one cause for the result found, as well as the sharing of prescription drugs with other people, like family members or friends.
This occurs most profoundly in the case of using any drugs in the 15 days preceding the interview, and also in information given by legal guardians of year-olds with some cognitive disorder or inability to answer the questions.
The finding of the current study is also not in line with a study finding from Sudan where the middle-income group was found to be more self-medicating and from a study in Sire town where no association was obtained between SMP with sex, educational status, occupation, and income [ 1425 ].
Self medication thesis
Most of the respondents had medical insurance A survey conducted over Jordanian households reported that Among the participants who performed self-medication, 66 took medicines on their own, and 30 took medicines as recommendation provided by someone else other than a doctor or dentist. University students of medical and nonmedical disciplines may have different levels of health education. The findings of this study indicated that there is a statistically significant association between monthly income and SMP. Respiratory disease and climatic seasonality in children under 15 years old in a town in the Brazilian Amazon. Medicines were used for headache relief by Other participant characteristics are listed in Table 1. The high level of self-medication observed among students of nonmedical disciplines indicates that students are becoming more familiar with medicines and their uses and that may be attributed partially to the large willingness to know and learn about medications from newspapers and Internet websites or even from the social networks. Geneva: World Health Organization; [cited Dec 13]. As to avoid mistakes associated to the study design, lack of answer and population distribution, a weighting factor proportional to the number of households by each census sector was applied to all analyses. Slightly more than half J Ardabil Univ Med Sci.
based on 104 review