An overview of the congress of the united states

The most important leverage the Congress has over the executive stems from its fiscal powers. Agreements of a conference committee must, in turn, be approved by both houses.

Us congress members

Moreover, Congress itself initiates much important legislation. In addition to these legal and constitutional powers, the president has influence as the leader of a political party; party policy both in Congress and among the electorate may be molded by the president. Congress had executive but not legislative authority, and the federal judiciary was confined to admiralty. Ultimately, Congress has the power to remove the president from office through impeachment, a process in which the House investigates alleged wrongdoing and votes on the charges, and the Senate tries the president on these charges. Senate Democrats are assigned to committees by the Democratic Steering Committee, and Senate Republicans, as do their House counterparts, have a Committee on Committees for this purpose. If the President agrees the bill should be a law he or she signs the bill within 10 days. Senate confirmation is required for presidential nominations of cabinet officials, ambassadors, federal judges, and certain other officials. Although the majority leader manages the business of the Senate, he or she does so in consultation with the leader of the minority party. Special committees have been created to investigate criminal charges against members, to study social and economic problems, to probe into unethical political activities, and to publicize controversial issues.

One of the most important legislative functions of the president, however, is that of signing or vetoing proposed legislation. Finally, the Congressional Budget Office, working with budget committees of both houses, furnishes fiscal and economic research.

Committees and Subcommittees. Executive agencies may not spend money unless the expenditure has been authorized and appropriated by Congress. The incumbent possesses several reelection advantages: the perquisites of the congressional office are available to the incumbent; he or she is likely to be well known in the state or district; and the incumbent is better able to raise campaign money.

congress vs senate

He directs and supervises the various departments and facilities under his jurisdiction. Ultimately, committees and their subcommittees came to provide the locus of most congressional work. The Senate has no similar system; senators respond to roll calls by answering yea or nay when the clerk calls their names in alphabetical order.

It consists of two houses : the Senatein which each state, regardless of its size, is represented by two senators, and the House of Representatives see Representatives, House ofto which members are elected on the basis of population. Calvin, eds. Private bills are concerned with such individual matters as claims against the government or cases having to do with immigration and naturalization.

The membership then consisted of 20 Senators and 59 Representatives.

what does congress do

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th United States Congress