The most important leverage the Congress has over the executive stems from its fiscal powers. Agreements of a conference committee must, in turn, be approved by both houses.
One of the most important legislative functions of the president, however, is that of signing or vetoing proposed legislation. Finally, the Congressional Budget Office, working with budget committees of both houses, furnishes fiscal and economic research.
Committees and Subcommittees. Executive agencies may not spend money unless the expenditure has been authorized and appropriated by Congress. The incumbent possesses several reelection advantages: the perquisites of the congressional office are available to the incumbent; he or she is likely to be well known in the state or district; and the incumbent is better able to raise campaign money.
He directs and supervises the various departments and facilities under his jurisdiction. Ultimately, committees and their subcommittees came to provide the locus of most congressional work. The Senate has no similar system; senators respond to roll calls by answering yea or nay when the clerk calls their names in alphabetical order.
It consists of two houses : the Senatein which each state, regardless of its size, is represented by two senators, and the House of Representatives see Representatives, House ofto which members are elected on the basis of population. Calvin, eds. Private bills are concerned with such individual matters as claims against the government or cases having to do with immigration and naturalization.
The membership then consisted of 20 Senators and 59 Representatives.
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